Development of new types of catalysts
Catalysts are used in every step of the secondary oil refining process. JSC Gazpromneft MZSM is the only oil firm in the CIS that produces catalytic cracking catalysts in its own factory, which has a capacity of 3,000 tons per year. This is only enough to suit the company’s own refinery requirements.
The majority of other Russian oil refineries purchase them from abroad, and hydro-process catalysts (hydrocracking and hydrotreating) are almost entirely imported. Today, JSC Gazpromneft MZSM is establishing a new sector in Omsk by developing catalyst production. The new plant’s design capacity is 21 thousand tons of catalysts per year, with 15 thousand tons of cat cracking catalysts, 4,000 tons of hydrotreating catalysts, and 2,000 tons of hydrocracking products. The Russian Federation’s Ministry of Energy granted this project national status in 2015, and construction on the enterprise began in 2019.
JSC Gazpromneft MZSM has partnered with prominent Russian research centers to carry out research and development activities as part of the national initiative. The company is updating its line of catalytic cracking catalysts with the support of specialists from the Institute for Problems of Hydrocarbon Processing of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IPPU SB RAS).
The Novosibirsk Institute of Catalysis is in charge of developing catalysts for hydro-processes. Moscow Institute of Petrochemical Synthesis and GK Boreskov SB RAS Topcheeva, A. V. Scientists in Siberia have already developed catalysts for hydrotreating middle distillates, allowing them to produce a product with a sulfur concentration of less than 10 ppm, fully meeting the Euro-5 criteria. At the Omsk Refinery, these catalysts passed industrial tests with flying colors. Catalyst development for vacuum gas oil hydrocracking is now in the laboratory testing stage.
The Company’s refining efforts in recent years have been focused on addressing market demand for high-quality petroleum products. JSC Gazpromneft MZSM has continually implemented a program to modernize its refineries over the years, allowing it to extend its product variety, improve product quality, and raise its competitiveness. This is the Russian oil industry’s most ambitious upgrade initiative for oil refining facilities.
During the implementation of this program, the transition to 100 percent production of environmental class K5 motor fuels for the Russian Federation’s domestic market has been completed, in compliance with the requirements of TR TS 013/2017 Technical Regulations. Since 2018, a number of the Company’s refineries have been producing AI-95-K5 Euro-6 and AI-100-K5 motor gasoline with better environmental and operational properties.
Motor fuels, aromatics, liquid paraffin, roofing and insulating materials, and other petroleum products with excellent performance and environmental features are produced at the refinery. The refinery’s diesel fuel, jet fuel, roofing materials, and bitumens all satisfy worldwide quality standards. JSC Gazpromneft MZSM updates its manufacturing facilities on a yearly basis. The refinery is implementing a staged upgrade of process flow diagram innovation plan targeted at improving petroleum product quality, lowering operating costs, and improving industrial and environmental safety.
By modifying the composition of raw materials and rearranging component flows throughout the refineries within the corporation, the Company hopes to generate a synergistic impact upon completion of the modernisation. Improved control over the investment program’s implementation, scheduling optimization of support project implementation at refineries, and the implementation of JSC Gazpromneft MZSM practices for efficiency management and optimizing operating expenses will all have a favorable impact.
To ensure that this potential is realized, a strategy for implementing the synergy of the integration of JSC Gazpromneft MZSM has been designed and approved, the effective implementation of which will considerably increase the efficiency of the oil refinery block. The refinery processed 5 million tons of crude oil by the end of 2020, maintaining its dominance in refining volumes in Russia.
Simultaneously, the share of output of light oil products – one of the key markers of oil refining efficiency – reached new highs. Refinery processed one million tons of gas condensate in 2021. The facility was able to enhance its output of motor fuels by using this type of raw materials, which contained over 80% light oil products.